Anthropometry is the measurement of the size and proportions of the human body. It’s origins can be traced to the earliest humans, who needed information the body for many of the same reasons which apply today; clothing, tools and equipment … Many anthropometric measurements are possible including stature, weight, circumference, length, breadth, volume surface area structure and composition.
However, the need for anthropometric information and the type of data required varies greatly from one application to the other (medicine, orthotics, retail, footwear, ergonomics, industrial design, …).
- Anthropometers (1)
- Calipers (2)
- Pupillometer (3)
- Tape (4)
- Brannock device (5)
- Scales (6)
Even if these tools seem to be very easy to use, a high level of training is required to achieve high validity and accuracy of measurements.
Given that the number and techniques of measurement can be unlimited, general and specific standardization for each application is necessary so that measurements may become understood and comparable between assessors according to their application.
- Sagittal (antero-posterior) plane
- Coronal (frontal) plane
- Transverse plane
- Lateral (frontal) axis
- Longitudinal axis
- Sagittal (antero-posterior axis)
- RAL-GZ 387/1: Medical Compression Hosiery (2008)
- ISO 15535: General requirements for establishing anthropometric databases (2012)
- ISO 19408: Footwear — Sizing — Vocabulary and terminology (2015)
- ISO 7250: Basic human body measurements for technological design
- Part 1 – Body measurement definitions and landmarks (2017)
- ISO 8559: Size designation of clothes
- Part 1: Anthropometric definitions for body measurement (2016)
- ISO 20685: 3-D scanning methodologies for internationally compatible anthropometric databases
- Part 1: Evaluation protocol for body dimensions extracted from 3-D body scans (2018)
- Part 2: Evaluation protocol of surface shape and repeatability of relative landmark positions (2015)
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